Genesis of ‘Make in India’: A study of Swadeshi movement in India
Dr. Shekar Naik
Swadeshi, Domestic production, Boycott, Foreign goods, Self sufficiency.
Etymologically, ‘Swadeshi’ means ‘One’s own country’. It is made up of two words, namely, ‘Swa’ meaning ‘self or own’ and ‘Desh’ meaning ‘country’, which literally means ‘Make in India’ producing goods within the country. This programme was officially launched on 25th September 2014 by the Government of India, to encourage companies to manufacture domestically (within India) by stimulating conducive investment into manufacturing sector. The initiative aims at ‘Transforming India into a global design and manufacturing hub’. But carefully observed, this programme finds its genesis in Swadeshi movement which was proclaimed on August 7th 1905, at the Calcutta Town Hall, in Bengal. Boycotting the foreign goods, especially British made goods, was the core of ‘Swadeshi Movement’. The movement aimed at using goods produced in India. Bal Gangadhar Tilak encouraged Swadeshi and Boycott movement after the British government decided the ‘Partition of Bengal’ in 1905. Therefore this paper attempts to find out the causes and importance of Swadeshi movement, its contribution in accelerating the freedom struggle.
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Unique Paper ID: 150364

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1

Page(s): 1002 - 1005
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