Low Cost Architecture and Associated Benefits: Thermal Comfort and Cost
Rajiv Kacker, Kshitij Kacker, Aashi Kansal
low cost architecture, construction techniques, energy consumption, thermal comfort, cost reduction
Low cost architecture is viewed and assumed as inferior by a large section of society. Its benefits in terms of cost and thermal comfort are usually ignored. Low cost architecture involves optimising various factors such as resources, technology, materials and energy without compromising with the quality of the final product established according to certain benchmarks. Factors such as safety, durability and stability are kept in mind while designing a low cost building. This paper attempts to give a review of low cost architecture techniques being used and their associated benefits which include cost reduction and increase in thermal comfort. A building prototype made using low cost construction techniques has been compared with a benchmark building and then a detailed study has been done on its associated benefits: cost, heat gains, discomfort hours etc. The building is considered to be naturally ventilated. The results depicted that low cost architecture is beneficial both in terms of cost and thermal comfort.