A study on geographical attributes of Karnataka with special reference to agriculture
Author(s):
Manjunathaswamy
Keywords:
Geographical attribute, Farming, Horticulture, Land Holdings, Cropping Pattern.
Abstract
Agriculture employs more than 60 per cent of Karnataka’s workforce. As per the population Census 2011, agriculture supports 13.74 million workers, of which 23.61 per cent are cultivators and 25.67 per cent are agricultural workers. Agriculture in Karnataka is heavily dependent on the southwest monsoon. Karnataka is highly progressive with regard to vegetable production and enjoys this advantage because of favourable climatic conditions without any extremes in temperature. The state ranks fifth in India in terms of total area under horticulture. It stands fifth in production of vegetable crops and third in fruit crop production. It is also the largest producer of spices, aromatic and medicinal crops and tropical fruits. Karnataka is India’s 8th largest state in terms of geographical area covering 1.92 lakh sq km and accounting for 6.3 per cent area of the country. The state comprises of 30 districts and 176 taluks and has over 27,481 villages. A total of 1,23,100 km² of land is cultivated in Karnataka constituting 64.6% of the total geographical area of the state, out of which 26.5 per cent of the sown area (30,900 km²) is under irrigation. In Karnataka, horticulture crops occupy about 15.21 lakh hectares with an annual production of about 96.60 lakh tonnes. Karnataka is also the second largest producer of grapes in the country and accounts for the production of 12 per cent of total fruits, 8 per cent of total vegetables and 70 per cent of coffee in the country. It is the third largest producer of sugar and ranks fourth in sugarcane production. It is the second largest milk-producing state after Gujarat. Karnataka leads in the export of silk in India with an approximate share of 25 % of the total Indian export market. There are varied types of soils in Karnataka. Black soils are found in northern Karnataka whereas red and red loamy soils are prominent in southern Karnataka. Laterite soils are found in Malnad and Coastal areas of the state. Being a state with rich diversity, understanding different aspect of the state would be very informative. An attempt has been made to get the bird’s eye view of the geographical attributes of the state, with special to understanding the agricultural profile of the stat
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 152856

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4

Page(s): 620 - 623
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