A study on opportunities and challenges of Ginger Export with reference to T. Narsipura taluk
Banuprakash. K. A.
Agriculture, Horticulture, Spices, Ginger cultivation, Export potential.
Horticulture is an important branch of agriculture and deals with intensively growing produced plants for human food and non-food uses and for personal or social needs. It involves plant propagation and cultivation with the aim of improving plant growth, yields, quality, nutritional value and resistance to insects, diseases and environmental stresses. It also includes plant conservation, landscape restoration, soil management, landscape and garden design, construction, maintenance and arboriculture (the cultivation of trees and shrubs especially for ornamental purposes). The diverse agro-climatic condition in the country makes it possible to grow almost all varieties of fruits and vegetables. India produces nearly 11% of all the world’s vegetables and 15% of all fruits, yet its share in global exports of vegetables is only 1.7% and in fruits a meager 0.5%. In comparison to India, China is currently the world’s largest fruit and vegetable producer with a production share of 34%. The globalization and commercialization of agricultural trade have also enabled farmers to go for horticultural crops. The horticultural crops are more nutritive and rich in vitamins and minerals as compared to other food crops. This also indicates that there is a vast scope for internal consumption besides having market for these products. The achievement in the horticulture sector is laudable as the sector now consists of more than 30.50 per cent of the GDP of the agriculture sector (India, 2013-14). Karnataka is India’s 8th largest state in terms of geographical area covering 1.92 lakh sq km and accounting for 6.3 per cent area of the country. The state comprises of 30 districts and 176 taluks and has over 27,481 villages. Agriculture employs more than 60 per cent of Karnataka’s workforce. As per the population Census 2011, agriculture supports 13.74 million workers, of which 23.61 per cent are cultivators and 25.67 per cent are agricultural workers. A total of 1,23,100 km² of land is cultivated in Karnataka constituting 64.6% of the total geographical area of the state, out of which 26.5 per cent of the sown area (30,900 km²) is under irrigation. Agriculture in Karnataka is heavily dependent on the southwest monsoo
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Unique Paper ID: 153242

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4

Page(s): 804 - 809
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