HIDDEN HUNGER AND ITS INTERVENTIONS TO COMBAT THE MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES: A REVIEW
Author(s):
Ayushi Aggarwal, Dr.Gurseen Rakhra
Keywords:
Micronutrient deficiency, hunger, undernutrition, Imbalance of nutrition, malnourishment, anemia, hidden hunger, fortification, supplementation, biofortification, dietary diversification
Abstract
Food is basic to our survival as it satisfies hunger and nourishes our body. Hunger is characterized by the consumption of food that does not provide enough quality or quantity to support various activities of the body and supply all essential nutrients for growth, development and maintenance. Hunger manifests itself in various ways - Undernutrition, Imbalance of nutrition, specific micronutrient deficiency, malnourishment. Micronutrient deficiency (MND) form an important global health issue resulting from a relative or absolute lack of an individual nutrient, for example, anemia resulting from iron deficiency. The health impacts of micronutrient deficiencies are not always acutely visible; therefore, it is also termed as Hidden Hunger. Micronutrient deficiency affects more than two billion people worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Due to their high occurrence and related health and developmental effects, iodine, Fe, vitamin A, and zinc deficiencies are the four micronutrient deficiencies of most public health concern worldwide.[16] Hidden hunger at early stages has been related to stunted physical growth, poor cognitive ability, low infection resistance, and later-life degenerative and chronic disorders.[8] To prevent these deleterious impacts of hidden hunger, effective intervention strategies through Fortification, Dietary diversification, Biofortification, Supplementation can be used to address the deficiencies.[13] The purpose of this study is to understand the interventions to combat the Hidden hunger. An electronic search was implemented in PUBMED, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, RESEARCHGATE, SCIENCE DIRECT databases.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 155015

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 12

Page(s): 1057 - 1061
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