A Review on Cultivation of Groundnut and Mechanization Processes in India
Author(s):
srinivasa, Dr. B. S. Dayananda, Dr. A. C. Lokesh
Keywords:
Groundnut production, Groundnut cultivation, Mechanization, Agricultural mechanization, Farm mechanization, Agricultural equipment’s, farm tools, Agricultural facilities
Abstract
The groundnut is the king of oil seeds. India and china are the world’s largest ground nut producers nearly about 60 percent of production. Groundnut is the one of the most important cash crops and food crops for India. Even though many types of machinery were developed in the agricultural field, still farmers are following traditional method in view high machinery cost. Due to better job opportunities in other sectors and less profit in agricultural field, few farmers are moving from rural to urban areas. In rural areas farmers are facing labor scarcity. Due to this there is a delay in farming operations ie., seed planting, harvesting and weed removing during cultivation season hence more money is spent for the process. In India, mechanization for groundnut cultivation is done for land preparation onlyand forthe rest, traditional methods are followed. Marginal and small land holders are not able to use mechanization leading to poor seed plantation, lack of plant protection and inefficient post harvesting methods. About 70 percent of groundnut producing states are Gujarat, Andra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. For ground nut cultivation few machines are available for post harvesting but are not efficient enough to harvest fully i.e20 to 30% of groundnut is retained in plant itself. Hence farmers prefer traditional methods.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 156567

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4

Page(s): 160 - 163
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