Development of Biodiesel Synthesis by Transesterification from Cottonseed Oil and Performance Test on Diesel Engine
Author(s):
S.Pochaiah, Dr.V.Pitchi Raju
Keywords:
Cottonseed oil, Transesterification, Biofuel, Blend
Abstract
This work aims at the performance test on diesel engine to be made to run on biodiesel which is obtained by the transesterification of non-edible cottonseed oil. The combustion characteristics are also noted along with performance and emission details. Blends from B10 to B100 were prepared and tested on the engine setup. On observing the performance characteristics it was found that blend B30 produced the optimum results. Cottonseed oil was chosen for obtaining biodiesel due to its inherent presence of low amount of unsaturated fatty acids which makes the transesterification process greener and efficient. The yield obtained was 84% which could be increased substantially if ionic liquids were used as catalyst as well as solvents. So, a study of ionic liquids was found necessary to fully comprehend the conversion process and its optimization. The catalyst used initially was sodium hydroxide. The properties of cottonseed oil and the biofuel obtained after transesterification were noted. The Fourier Transform Spectroscopy test was performed for the cottonseed oil as well as biofuel which show that the biofuel obtained by transesterification is suitable for being used as an alternative fuel on blending with diesel.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 157301

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 6

Page(s): 577 - 581
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