Protection of Rights of Transgender in India
Astha Bhatnagar , Prof.(Dr.) K.B. Asthana
Our body is the anchor of our experiences in life. We move, feel, understand and navigate the world through our bodies. On our first encounter with complete strangers their gender is probably the first thing we notice about them. Gender is something most of us perform and practice. The clarity regarding one’s own and someone else’s gender is an important vantage point of many conversations. Transgendered individuals arouse a myriad of thoughts and emotions ranging from fascination, amazement to fear and even disgust. A transgender individual is that grey zone of human sexuality which has rendered itself to imagination since its conception. The community is sometimes a mark of a chaos and at other times sidelined as a homogenized margin but a lot remains to be understood and done for them. A transgender literally means someone who is in transition from one gender to another. Looking at the Indian context they are addressed by many names, for example Hijras, Kinnars, napunsak, and in everyday slang chakkas. The word ‘Hijra’ has the root in the Urdu word ‘Hijar’. A Hijar is thus, indicated to those people who left their community. Thus, a Hijra is one who has walked out of the usual ascribed order of men and women and joined a community of Hijras. Sex and gender are two closely linked variables of human lives which do not necessarily follow the same trajectory. In basic terms sex is something with which an individual is born with, the biological endowments, categorized by the doctor or a nurse as a boy or a girl and in adulthood as man and woman. Gender is a social construct. We perform gender. It is what society expects us to do, as per the function of the position we serve, the roles that we play and the norms that are ascribed to. Gender forms an essential pillar of an individual’s identity and affects the psychological makeup. The society places value on certain behavioral aspects of an individual based on his gender and on successful performance of the same the individual feels a sense of belongingness, acceptance and security amongst the group members. The binary division on the basis of gender becomes male and female. In case of the transgender individual the binary categorization f
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Unique Paper ID: 158875

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 10

Page(s): 839 - 845
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