An Updated Review on Microscopical and Phytochemical Properties of Momordica charantia and Duranta erecta
Author(s):
Yashwant D. Nakhate, Sumedh Nandheshwar, Pranali Kalambe, Ashish Lande
Keywords:
Momordica charantia, Duranta erecta, Microscopy, Phytochemical Analysis.
Abstract
Momordica charantia is a plant of the Cucurbitaceae family is known as bitter melon, karela, and pare. It grows in tropical areas of the Amazon, Asia, South America India, East Africa and Caribbean, and is used traditionally as both food and medicine. The fruit ripens, the flesh (rind) becomes slightly tougher and bitterer, and many think it too repulsive to eat. Momordica charantia have provided many remedies for various diseases from ancient days to now a day. It has been used in various Asian traditional medicines for the treatment of cholera, anemia, diarrhea blood diseases, bronchitis, gout, dysentery, gonorrhea rheumatism, ulcer, colic, worms, disease of liver and spleen, cancer and diabetes etc. In preliminary phytochemical analysis we observed glycosides, phytosterols, alkaloids, phenolic, saponins compounds, fats, proteins, and fixed oils and flavonoids. Duranta erecta (family: Verbenaceae) commonly referred to golden dewdrop, pigeon berry, angel whisper, or skyflower is one of the traditional medicinal plants. It has been shown to possess antimicrobial, antioxidant, and insecticide properties. Its phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolics, saponins, steroids, tannins, and terpenoids are reported as the basis of its efficacious therapeutic properties. The other important constituents which contribute to the remedial properties are durantol, pectolinaringenin, repennoside, repenins, and scutellarein. Published information on the phytochemical property of D. erecta was gathered by the use of different database platforms, including Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, PubMed, SciFinder, and Scopus, that provided an up-to-date review on its importance.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 158886

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 10

Page(s): 930 - 935
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