A SURVEY PAPER ON ADVANCED CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES FOR SMART ECO- BUILDING
Mr. Abhijit Sopan Mehetre
Eco-Building, Rat Trap Bond, Cavity Wall, Thermal insulation, Eco friendly wall, Green Roof & Greenhouse, Filler Slab.
Eco building is also sometimes known as "sustainable building" or “Bioclimatic building or green building, although there are minor differences in the definitions. The practice of Eco building have some merits including reduced operating costs by increasing productivity and using less energy and water, improved public and occupant health due to improved indoor air quality, and reduced environmental impacts. Bioclimatic building is an essential component of the related concepts of sustainable design, sustainable development. Low cost housing involves the construction using special type of bond like rat trap bond for brick masonry and filler slab techniques for roof slabs. The methods give a difference of 20-30 % of cost variation between the low cost house and the traditional building. Other than these methods many such new technologies are adopted to make the building rich in all aspect and economical cost wise. This paper discusses some environment friendly and low cost building techniques. The concept of bioclimatic building deals with the maximum usage of the naturally available resource in the building which will make the construction of building economical. Introducing low cost construction techniques for bioclimatic building is to provide the required durability which are available in traditional building in an economical way. The paper concludes by emphasizing the importance of low cost construction methods and consideration of the environmental aspects which leads to an economical and effective construction of a building with full efficiency.