This paper examined the security challenges as it affects the developmental growth of the Nigerian state. The choice of Nigeria as a case study is informed by at least two major factors. First, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. Therefore, its security is a matter of vital strategic implication for the continent. Second, the failure by the Nigerian state to harness, transform and utilize its vast human and material resources is a challenge that continues to stupefy many. In the framework of analysis, this paper contextualizes security and development and emphasizes that the maximum level of national development determines the level of security of a country at any particular time. To demonstrate this, the paper argued that, there is a nexus between security and development. In the end, the study concluded that, “security means protection from hidden and hurtful disruptions in the patterns of daily life in homes, offices or communities. Security therefore must be related to the presence of peace, safety, happiness, and the protection of human and physical resources or the absence of crisis, threats to human injury among others.