The natural radiation emitted by radio – active minerals present in surrounding rock and soils has direct bearing on the human health. The natural or background radiation is a constant source of ionizing radiation which present permanently and emitted from a variety of sources. The natural or background radiation level present in any locality depends on radio nuclie in soil / rock . In the Chhattisgarh state sporadically mineralized Archean terrain surrounding the oval cup shaped sedimentary basin form the potential zone for natural radiation. The paper deals with the awareness measures required to safeguard public health from Natural Radiations. The mitigative programme will have to design in urban dwelling units for safety and socially sustainable activities.