EMPHYSEMA: AN OVERVIEW
Author(s):
Swaraj G. Surwase, Ganesh S. Lad, Shyamlila B. Bavage, Nandkishor B. Bavage
Keywords:
Chronic-bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, lungs, respire, COPD, CT, Chest X-Ray.
Abstract
Emphysema can be defined as loss of lung capacity, chronic enlargement of the airways to the posterior bronchioles, and destruction of alveolar walls. It can be classified under the common name of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (GOLD) has defined COPD as "a common, preventable and incurable disease caused by persistent respiratory symptoms and airway obstruction and or alveolar abnormalities often caused by exposure to harmful substances, particles or particles". . People with COPD having the harder problem in breathing, which can lead to shortness of breath and or fatigue. At the onset of the disease, people with COPD may feel short of breath when exercising. As the disease progresses, it may be difficult to exhale (inhale) or inhale (inhale). A person with COPD may have obstructive bronchiolitis (bron-kee-oh-lite-is), emphysema, or a combination of both. The value of these conditions varies from person to person. [1] Asthma is another disease that causes airway obstruction, sometimes making it difficult to breathe, but asthma is not included in the definition of COPD. Some people have a combination of COPD and asthma. Chronic bronchitis is no longer considered a form of COPD, although health care professionals still use the term to describe a productive cough patient for three months in two consecutive years. Emphysema is primarily a diagnosis of disease that affects the airways away from the final bronchiole. It is characterized by an abnormal continuous expansion of the airways of the lungs by the destruction of their walls without fibrosis and destruction of the lung parenchyma by loss of strength.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 152388

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3

Page(s): 162 - 168
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