ASTHMA: PATHOPHISIOLOGY AND MEDICATIONS FOR TREATMENT
Anjali A. Pendkar, Pranita P. Pawar, Manisha R. Mashalkar, Renuka R. Deshpande, Nandkishor B. Bavage, Vidyasagar Gali, Shyamlila B. Bavage
classification, Diagnostics, etiology, triggers of asthma, delivery methods
The term “asthma” emerged from an ancient Greek word which means to exhale with open mouth or to pant. An estimated 300 million people worldwide suffer from asthma, with 250,000 annual deaths attributed to the disease. The prevalence of asthma has increased in the past few years. Asthma is characterized by phases of normalcy punctuated by attacks of breathlessness, wheeze and cough. It can present at any age and can have different clinical presentations. The only characteristics that are certain about asthma are its variability and its unpredictability. The increasing prevalence of the disease and its heterogeneous nature makes it important for us to diagnose the disease and its subtype correctly.