Review on Phytochemicals as Bacterial Biofilm Inhibitor
Dhakrey Ankita , Gohil J. Kashmira
Tuberculosis, Biofilm, Phytochemicals, Extracts
Tuberculosis is a major threat to the health of millions of populations.Mycobacterium tuberculosisand various microorganisms like bacteria, fungi remain in a self-produced polymeric matrix, adherent to an inert or living surface. This microenvironment community of bacteria is known as biofilm. These biofilms cause various infections and are of at most importance when concerned about public health. One of the challenges faced during antibacterial drug development is to create compounds to counter-attack the biofilm infections. In this respect natural products having powerful antimicrobial effects remain important participants. The objective of this study aimed to investigate the anti-mycobacterial activity of the phytochemicals.Phytochemicals are chemical compounds formed during the plants’ normal metabolic processes. These chemicals are often referred to as “Secondary metabolites” of which there are several classes including alkaloids, flavonoids, coumarins, glycosides, polysaccharides, phenols, tannins, terpenes and terpenoids.